Scientific Background Tested in cooperation with the Industry University Research Project with Professor Dr. Kawashima
So you opted for MyBrainTraining – a good start! Let us explain why this is a wise choice: After reaching the age of twenty, the human brain capacity will slowly begin to decline. This is a completely natural process just as our physical strength gradually decreasing over the years. But exactly like maintaining our physical strength by exercising and doing sports, the brain will also stay younger and sharper when trained regularly!
Scientifically proven exercises
All 30 exercises for brain activation have been tested during the development of our successful "Train your Brain with Dr. Kawashima" program cooperating with the Industry University Research Project with Professor Dr. Kawashima. Dr. Kawashima is a respected and well-known Japanese neuroscientist who has appeared in popular and reputable brain training products before.
Measurement of the Brain Activity
We conducted several series of tests during which we measured the brain activity of hundreds of test persons by the means of applying 28 NIR sensors. After thorough scientific analysis, we could tell which of the five parts of the prefrontal cortex were stimulated and how strongly. For the exercises to show the right effect, certain pre-defined levels of brain activation had to be achieved.
If you want to know which parts of the brain are activated by any given exercise, just click on the “Scientific Info” and you will see the activated parts on a brain map. The frontal lobe, the front part of your brain, mainly consists of the prefrontal cortex, which controls important aspects of the human brain. Amongst other tasks, it provides the basis for creativity, memory, communication skills and composure.
Scientific Results and Statements
MyBrainTraining Professional: study conducted on 90 patients diagnosed with schizophrenia by Prof. Dr. Steffen Moritz (University Clinic Hamburg-Eppendorf, Germany, Psychiatric and Psychoptherapeutic Clinic) Results of study summarized by BBG Entertainment GmbH
I. Background: neuropsychological deficits are predictive for a patient's functional outcome, impairing daily life. Cognitive biases, such as premature/hasty deductive reasoning processes appear to be, on the basis of present knowledge, associated with a positive diagnosis of schizophrenia (particularly delusional thinking).
II. Question to be Answered: Can MyBrainTraining Professional improve neuropsychological deficits and psychopathological symptoms?
A total of 90 subjects diagnosed with delusional thinking (schizophrenia) participated in a randomized-controlled study executed via the Internet. All subjects were either former patients or have participated in online forums pertaining to psychotic disorders. Various control measures were employed to ascertain their disorder with a high probability, e.g. checks for plausibility. After a baseline evaluation, subjects were randomly assigned to three treatment groups:
- MyBrainTraining Professional (standard version)
- MyBrainTraining Professional – including a metacognitive extension (now part of the standard version)
- Control Group
IV. Key Results:
a) frequent use of MyBrainTraining Professional led to improving symptoms of depression; the correlation between using MyBrainTraining Professional and the reduction of feeling depressed was significant.
b) frequent use of MyBrainTraining Professional with metacognitive extension (assessment of confidence in one’s judgment; feedback on mistakes when being overly confident or responding too hastily) led to a significant reduction in premature/hasty decision making (i.e. reluctant decision making – measured by the so-called “Fish Test”) and high confidence in own judgment in the metacognition treatment arm at time of follow-up. This indicates that patients have become more conscious about their problematic cognitive strategies leading to altering of decision making patterns. Notably, subjects showing reluctance to make decisions could, per current readings, be an important indicator for avoiding or reducing recurring symptoms of psychotic disorders and harmful behavioral consequences.
c) Furthermore, practicing cognitive training on a regular basis not only leads to improvement scores in individual exercises but is also relevant to daily life. The brain’s performance, as measured by a memory test, increased with the number of exercises conducted.
Prof. Dr. Lindenberger COGITO Studie from the Max-Plank-Institute and the Humboldt-University Berlin
The COGITO study from the Max-Planck-Institute for Human Development and the Humboldt-University in Berlin examined whether positive transfer of cognitive training, which so far has been observed for individual tests only, also allows to extrapolate its effects to general cognitive abilities, thereby carrying greater promise for improving everyday intellectual competence in adulthood and old age. In the COGITO Study, 101 younger and 103 older adults practiced six tests of perceptual speed, three tests of working memory, and three tests of episodic memory for over 100 daily 1-h brain training sessions at the computer - similar to what MyBrainTraining is offering.Transfer assessment included multiple tests of perceptual speed, working memory, episodic memory, and reasoning.
In both age groups, reliable positive transfer was found not only for individual tests but also for cognitive abilities, represented as latent factors. Furthermore, the pattern of correlations between latent change factors of practiced capabilities and latent change factors of transfer tasks indicates systematic relations at the level of broad-based abilities, making the interpretation of effects as a result of unspecific increases in motivation or self-concept less likely. The results of the COGITO study were independent of age. Both younger and older adults were able to improve their cognitive capabilities and strengthened their working memory.